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Shoes and apparel industry structure of the global restructuring of developing countries in Latin America have sprung up everywhere

Date:2015-04-28 15:45

[REVIEW] Today, Asia, China, India and other countries has become a global textile and shoe producing and exporting country name. At the same time, as a developing country, Brazil and Mexico have sprung up everywhere in the shoe industry, the impact of the traditional shoe-making powers Italy and Spain. On the employment or contribution to the economy point of view, the textile industry of a country's economy is essential. In the mid-20th century, the garment industry is mainly concentrated in the industrialized countries, however, nearly half a century, it gradually spread to developing countries. In the last 1960s, the textile industry had "structural redistribution", the rapid expansion of Asian textile mills.
Today, Asia, China, India and other countries has become a global textile and shoe producing and exporting country name. At the same time, as a developing country, Brazil and Mexico have sprung up everywhere in the shoe industry, the impact of the traditional shoe-making powers Italy and Spain.
Over the past 20 years, the average growth rate of the global textile industry was 1.2%. Among them, the relatively high growth rate of industrialized countries was 2.7%, while the higher growth rates in Asian countries, reaching 3.6%.
However, many countries still save a significant textile industry, its products mainly in the face of high-end market. Benefit from modern industrial restructuring and upgrading, export value from the point of view, some developed countries still belong to the ranks of the world's top ten columns of textile export country.
Most of the production of textiles, textile-exporting countries but also in developing countries, their share of the global textile market since 1970 accounted for 60%, of which the Asian countries leading the way, accounting for the bulk.
During the Cold War, attracted by low production costs, a number of enterprises to enter Eastern and Central European countries, with the local textile enterprises subcontract orders referred to its foundry. In the foundry process, these countries gradually build its own production chain, and become an important supplier in the region.
Footwear industry has the structure and characteristics of textile and garment industry is the same, the redistribution of its industrial structure and international trade situation is exactly the same.
Number of annual global production of shoes for 24 billion pairs, of which 60% are exports of shoes, only shoes annual China alone amounted to about 9.5 billion, of which 7 billion pairs of exports to foreign countries. China and India rapidly growing production of shoes, two shoes, far more than the annual number of shoe manufacturing country once Italy, while Italian shoe production has not declined, and now has slipped to 400 million pairs per year.
The world's largest shoe importing countries are the United States, annual imports amounted to 1.8 billion pairs of shoes, followed by Japan and Germany. Shoe imports of these three countries accounted for about half the world's total imports.
Non-sports shoe trade worldwide reached about $ 15 billion per year, which accounts for leather shoes surface about 85%.
In the international market, led by China, "cheap Asian shoes" has a low manufacturing cost advantages, relatively speaking, the European shoe cause higher design standards and quality, and therefore higher production costs. A representative of the European shoe producers were Italy, Spain and Portugal.
Brazilian footwear industry patterns between Italy and China. In the past 25 years, the shoes production in Brazil rose by three times, has now emerged as the world's major exporter of shoes, which is benefiting from Brazil to develop a "lower middle class to the United States supply ladies' shoes" strategy. The annual export value of Brazilian shoes was $ 1.6 billion, of which 70 per cent were women's shoes, mainly exported to the United States. Women's shoes in the United States market, Brazil accounted for 42% of the shoes, Chinese shoes accounted for 38%, accounting for 10 per cent, compared with Italian shoes.
Turning now to the case of Mexico. Mexico's textile industry plays an important role in the US market and the local market in Mexico. From the 90s of the last century, because Mexico joined NAFTA, the elimination of trade barriers between the United States and Mexico, so Mexico duty-free treatment of textile products benefit.
However, since the beginning of 2000, China's production of shoes, including the countries have joined the WTO, the Mexican textile shoe industry has been a huge hit.
Mexican footwear industry can be traced back before Columbus discovered the New World. Small and micro and small enterprises accounted for about 85%, the number of direct or indirect employment in the industry of 60 million people. Currently, there are about 8,000 shoe companies, 3300 in Mexico Guanajuato region of Mexico plays a vital role in the economy.
Mexico every year to buy 2.5 pairs of shoes per capita, in the production of 250 million pairs of shoes, among them, 200 million pairs for export, while the import volume has reached 600 million pairs. The main export destination is the United States, Mexico shoes, followed by Canada and Japan.
Mexican shoe relative to competitors the advantage of improved supply chain, skilled shoemakers and good communications infrastructure. In addition, the Mexican shoe price is relatively reasonable, healthy development of the territory of more than a traditional base of support in the shoe industry shoe industry.
Mexican shoe industry problems encountered with the current situation is the same international competitors. In recent years, the global economic recession domestic and international market demand have an impact, so they have faced some challenges columns. Mexican shoe companies should make some adjustments, such as the eyes can be locked in the boot area because the boots now very popular in the international market.
The United States is the world's most important shoe market, leaving aside Mexico joined NAFTA benefits, Mexico and the United States, adjacent to Mexico shoes near advantage in the US market, nor be a statement.
In short, Mexico shoes and textiles should be internationally competitive pressure into motivation and opportunities for innovation, adaptation of international and domestic changes in the market, so the shoe and textile industries in Mexico in order to have a bright future.

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